|Player||Agent||Most Likely Reporter|
|Anthony Davis||Rich Paul||Too close to call, leaning Shams|
|Brandon Ingram||Jeff Schwartz||Woj|
|DeMar DeRozan||Aaron Goodwin||Haynes|
|Fred VanVleet||Brian Jungreis||Limited data|
|Andre Drummond||Jeff Schwartz||Woj|
|Montrezl Harrell||Rich Paul||Too close to call, leaning Shams|
|Gordon Hayward||Mark Bartelstein||Woj|
|Danilo Gallinari||Michael Tellem||Woj|
|Bogdan Bogdanovic||Alexander Raskovic, Jason Ranne||Limited data, but part of Wasserman, whose players are predominantly reported on by Woj|
|Davis Bertans||Arturs Kalnitis||Limited data|
submitted by sidhujag to ethereum [link] [comments]
We are excited to participate and present Syscoin Platform's ideal characteristics and capabilities towards a well-rounded Reddit Community Points solution!
Our scaling solution for Reddit Community Points involves 2-way peg interoperability with Ethereum. This will provide a scalable token layer built specifically for speed and high volumes of simple value transfers at a very low cost, while providing sovereign ownership and onchain finality.
Token transfers scale by taking advantage of a globally sorting mempool that provides for probabilistically secure assumptions of “as good as settled”. The opportunity here for token receivers is to have an app-layer interactivity on the speed/security tradeoff (99.9999% assurance within 10 seconds). We call this Z-DAG, and it achieves high-throughput across a mesh network topology presently composed of about 2,000 geographically dispersed full-nodes. Similar to Bitcoin, however, these nodes are incentivized to run full-nodes for the benefit of network security, through a bonded validator scheme. These nodes do not participate in the consensus of transactions or block validation any differently than other nodes and therefore do not degrade the security model of Bitcoin’s validate first then trust, across every node. Each token transfer settles on-chain. The protocol follows Bitcoin core policies so it has adequate code coverage and protocol hardening to be qualified as production quality software. It shares a significant portion of Bitcoin’s own hashpower through merged-mining.
This platform as a whole can serve token microtransactions, larger settlements, and store-of-value in an ideal fashion, providing probabilistic scalability whilst remaining decentralized according to Bitcoin design. It is accessible to ERC-20 via a permissionless and trust-minimized bridge that works in both directions. The bridge and token platform are currently available on the Syscoin mainnet. This has been gaining recent attention for use by loyalty point programs and stablecoins such as Binance USD.
SolutionsSyscoin Foundation identified a few paths for Reddit to leverage this infrastructure, each with trade-offs. The first provides the most cost-savings and scaling benefits at some sacrifice of token autonomy. The second offers more preservation of autonomy with a more narrow scope of cost savings than the first option, but savings even so. The third introduces more complexity than the previous two yet provides the most overall benefits. We consider the third as most viable as it enables Reddit to benefit even while retaining existing smart contract functionality. We will focus on the third option, and include the first two for good measure.
Syscoin + Matic IntegrationMatic and Blockchain Foundry Inc, the public company formed by the founders of Syscoin, recently entered a partnership for joint research and business development initiatives. This is ideal for all parties as Matic Network and Syscoin Platform provide complementary utility. Syscoin offers characteristics for sovereign ownership and security based on Bitcoin’s time-tested model, and shares a significant portion of Bitcoin’s own hashpower. Syscoin’s focus is on secure and scalable simple value transfers, trust-minimized interoperability, and opt-in regulatory compliance for tokenized assets rather than scalability for smart contract execution. On the other hand, Matic Network can provide scalable EVM for smart contract execution. Reddit Community Points can benefit from both.
Syscoin + Matic integration is actively being explored by both teams, as it is helpful to Reddit, Ethereum, and the industry as a whole.
Proving Performance & Cost SavingsOur POC focuses on 100,000 on-chain settlements of token transfers on the Syscoin Core blockchain. Transfers and burns perform equally with Syscoin. For POCs related to smart contracts (subscriptions, etc), refer to the Matic Network proposal.
On-chain settlement of 100k transactions was accomplished within roughly twelve minutes, well-exceeding Reddit’s expectation of five days. This was performed using six full-nodes operating on compute-optimized AWS c4.2xlarge instances which were geographically distributed (Virginia, London, Sao Paulo Brazil, Oregon, Singapore, Germany). A higher quantity of settlements could be reached within the same time-frame with more broadcasting nodes involved, or using hosts with more resources for faster execution of the process.
Addresses used: 100,014
The demonstration was executed using this tool. The results can be seen in the following blocks:
It is important to note that this POC is not focused on Z-DAG. The performance of Z-DAG has been benchmarked within realistic network conditions: Whiteblock’s audit is publicly available. Network latency tests showed an average TPS around 15k with burst capacity up to 61k. Zero-latency control group exhibited ~150k TPS. Mainnet testing of the Z-DAG network is achievable and will require further coordination and additional resources.
Even further optimizations are expected in the upcoming Syscoin Core release which will implement a UTXO model for our token layer bringing further efficiency as well as open the door to additional scaling technology currently under research by our team and academic partners. At present our token layer is account-based, similar to Ethereum. Opt-in compliance structures will also be introduced soon which will offer some positive performance characteristics as well. It makes the most sense to implement these optimizations before performing another benchmark for Z-DAG, especially on the mainnet considering the resources required to stress-test this network.
Cost SavingsTotal cost for these 100k transactions: $0.63 USD
See the live fee comparison for savings estimation between transactions on Ethereum and Syscoin. Below is a snapshot at time of writing:
ETH price: $318.55 ETH gas price: 55.00 Gwei ($0.37)
Syscoin price: $0.11
Snapshot of live fee comparison chart
Z-DAG provides a more efficient fee-market. A typical Z-DAG transaction costs 0.0000582 SYS. Tokens can be safely redeemed/re-spent within seconds or allowed to settle on-chain beforehand. The costs should remain about this low for microtransactions.
Syscoin will achieve further reduction of fees and even greater scalability with offchain payment channels for assets, with Z-DAG as a resilience fallback. New payment channel technology is one of the topics under research by the Syscoin development team with our academic partners at TU Delft. In line with the calculation in the Lightning Networks white paper, payment channels using assets with Syscoin Core will bring theoretical capacity for each person on Earth (7.8 billion) to have five on-chain transactions per year, per person, without requiring anyone to enter a fee market (aka “wait for a block”). This exceeds the minimum LN expectation of two transactions per person, per year; one to exist on-chain and one to settle aggregated value.
Tools, Infrastructure & Documentation
Syscoin BridgeMainnet Demonstration of Syscoin Bridge with the Basic Attention Token ERC-20
A two-way blockchain interoperability system that uses Simple Payment Verification to enable:
APITools to simplify using Syscoin Bridge as a service with dapps and wallets will be released some time after implementation of Syscoin Core 4.2. These will be based upon the same processes which are automated in the current live Sysethereum Dapp that is functioning with the Syscoin mainnet.
DocumentationSyscoin Bridge & How it Works (description and process flow)
Superblock Validation Battles
HOWTO: Provision the Bridge for your ERC-20
HOWTO: Setup an Agent
Developer & User Diligence
Trade-offThe Syscoin Ethereum Bridge is secured by Agent nodes participating in a decentralized and incentivized model that involves roles of Superblock challengers and submitters. This model is open to participation. The benefits here are trust-minimization, permissionless-ness, and potentially less legal/regulatory red-tape than interop mechanisms that involve liquidity providers and/or trading mechanisms.
The trade-off is that due to the decentralized nature there are cross-chain settlement times of one hour to cross from Ethereum to Syscoin, and three hours to cross from Syscoin to Ethereum. We are exploring ways to reduce this time while maintaining decentralization via zkp. Even so, an “instant bridge” experience could be provided by means of a third-party liquidity mechanism. That option exists but is not required for bridge functionality today. Typically bridges are used with batch value, not with high frequencies of smaller values, and generally it is advantageous to keep some value on both chains for maximum availability of utility. Even so, the cross-chain settlement time is good to mention here.
CostEthereum -> Syscoin: Matic or Ethereum transaction fee for bridge contract interaction, negligible Syscoin transaction fee for minting tokens
Syscoin -> Ethereum: Negligible Syscoin transaction fee for burning tokens, 0.01% transaction fee paid to Bridge Agent in the form of the ERC-20, Matic or Ethereum transaction fee for contract interaction.
Z-DAGZero-Confirmation Directed Acyclic Graph is an instant settlement protocol that is used as a complementary system to proof-of-work (PoW) in the confirmation of Syscoin service transactions. In essence, a Z-DAG is simply a directed acyclic graph (DAG) where validating nodes verify the sequential ordering of transactions that are received in their memory pools. Z-DAG is used by the validating nodes across the network to ensure that there is absolute consensus on the ordering of transactions and no balances are overflowed (no double-spends).
APISyscoin-js provides tooling for all Syscoin Core RPCs including interactivity with Z-DAG.
DocumentationZ-DAG White Paper
Useful read: An in-depth Z-DAG discussion between Syscoin Core developer Jag Sidhu and Brave Software Research Engineer Gonçalo Pestana
Trade-offZ-DAG enables the ideal speed/security tradeoff to be determined per use-case in the application layer. It minimizes the sacrifice required to accept and redeem fast transfers/payments while providing more-than-ample security for microtransactions. This is supported on the premise that a Reddit user receiving points does need security yet generally doesn’t want nor need to wait for the same level of security as a nation-state settling an international trade debt. In any case, each Z-DAG transaction settles onchain at a block target of 60 seconds.
Syscoin SpecsSyscoin 3.0 White Paper
(4.0 white paper is pending. For improved scalability and less blockchain bloat, some features of v3 no longer exist in current v4: Specifically Marketplace Offers, Aliases, Escrow, Certificates, Pruning, Encrypted Messaging)
WalletsWeb3 and mobile wallets are under active development by Blockchain Foundry Inc as WebAssembly applications and expected for release not long after mainnet deployment of Syscoin Core 4.2. Both of these will be multi-coin wallets that support Syscoin, SPTs, Ethereum, and ERC-20 tokens. The Web3 wallet will provide functionality similar to Metamask.
Syscoin Platform and tokens are already integrated with Blockbook. Custom hardware wallet support currently exists via ElectrumSys. First-class HW wallet integration through apps such as Ledger Live will exist after 4.2.
Current supported wallets
Syscoin Spark Desktop
ExplorersMainnet: https://sys1.bcfn.ca (Blockbook)
Thank you for close consideration of our proposal. We look forward to feedback, and to working with the Reddit community to implement an ideal solution using Syscoin Platform!
|Prapor||Debut||Elimination||Kill 5 Scavs at Customs; Hand over 2 MP-133 pump-action shotguns|
|Prapor||Checking||PickUp||Find the bronze pocket watch; (Optional) Find the key to the tank truck; Hand over the bronze pocket watch to Prapor|
|Prapor||Shootout picnic||Elimination||Neutralize 15 Scavs on Woods|
|Prapor||Delivery from the past||PickUp||Find a secure case in the Tarcone Director's Office at the Customs terminal; Leave the case in the Factory swing room, on 2nd floor of shop 3; Survive and exit Factory location|
|Prapor||BP depot||Discover||Mark fuel tank №1 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №2 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №3 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №4 with beacon on Customs; Survive and leave the area|
|Prapor||Bad rep evidence||PickUp||Find secure folder 0031 in a bunkhouse on Customs; (Optional) Gain access to the closed room in the Factory offices; (Optional) Find the bunkhouse key; Hand over secure folder 0031 to Prapor; Survive and exit Customs location|
|Prapor||Ice cream cones||PickUp||Find 6 60-round mags for AK; (Optional) Find the key from the bunker in the Terragroup employee room; (Optional) Locate the right bunker in the Woods; Hand over 6 60 round mags for AK to Prapor|
|Prapor||Postman Pat - Part 1||PickUp||Find a letter on a messenger in the Factory; Survive and exit Factory location; Hand over the letter to Therapist|
|Prapor||Shaking up teller||PickUp||Find something valuable in the dorm room 203; (Optional) Gain access to room 214; Hand over the item to Prapor|
|Prapor||The Punisher - Part 1||Elimination||Kill 15 Scavs at the Shoreline using AKM series weapon|
|Prapor||The Punisher - Part 2||Elimination||Kill 12 Scavs at the Shoreline using a suppressed weapon; Find in raid 7 lower half-masks; Hand masks over to Prapor|
|Prapor||The Punisher - Part 3||Elimination||Kill 25 Scavs on Customs using AKS-74U|
|Prapor||The Punisher - Part 4||Elimination||Kill 10 Scavs in Woods using 12 gauge shotguns; Kill 10 PMCs on Shoreline while wearing a balaclava and a scav vest.; Find in raid 5 knives Bars A-2607; Handover knives to Prapor|
|Prapor||The Punisher - Part 5||PickUp||Find 3 AK-74N; Handover AK-74N rifles to Prapor; Find 3 M4A1 assault rifles; Handover M4A1 rifles to Prapor; Find 5 PM pistols; Handover pistols to Prapor; Kill 10 PMC operatives. You must be wearing a PACA vest and 6b47 helmet|
|Prapor||The Punisher - Part 6||Elimination||Kill 15 PMC operators. You must use SVD; Find 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Find 7 PMC BEAR dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC BEAR dogtags|
|Prapor||Polikhim hobo||Elimination||Kill 25 Scavs on Customs|
|Prapor||Big customer||Completion||Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs|
|Prapor||No offence||PickUp||Find 10 M67 grenades; Handover grenades to Prapor|
|Prapor||Grenadier||Elimination||Kill 12 PMC's with grenades|
|Prapor||Perfect mediator||Standing||Reach 4-th level of standing with Ragman; Reach 4-th level of standing with Skier; Reach 4-th level of standing with Mechanic; Reach 4-th level of standing with Peacekeeper; Reach 4-th level of standing with Prapor; Reach 4-th level of standing with Therapist|
|Prapor||Insomnia||Elimination||Kill 30 PMC's during nighttime (23 to 04)|
|Prapor||Test drive - Part 1||Elimination||Kill 5 PMC's using an M1A with a Hybrid 46 silencer and a Trijicon REAP-IR thermal scope|
|Prapor||Regulated materials||PickUp||Find in raid military battery; Handover military battery; Find in raid 10 30-mil. shells for BMP cannon; Handover 10 30-mil. shells for BMP cannon|
|Therapist||Shortage||PickUp||Find 5 Salewa kits; Hand over 5 Salewa kits to Therapist|
|Therapist||Sanitary Standards - Part 1||PickUp||Find gas analyzer; (Optional) Get access to the pumping station at the Factory; Hand over the gas analyzer to Therapist|
|Therapist||Sanitary Standards - Part 2||Completion||Find in raid 2 gas analyzers; Hand over the gas analyzers to Therapist|
|Therapist||Operation Aquarius - Part 1||PickUp||Find hidden water in the dorm; Survive and extract Customs|
|Therapist||Operation Aquarius - Part 2||Elimination||Eliminate 15 Scavs on Customs|
|Therapist||Painkiller||PickUp||Find in raid 4 morphine syringes; Hand the syringes over to Therapist|
|Therapist||Pharmacist||PickUp||Find a case with the device; (Optional) Find the paramedic's car; (Optional) Get into dorm room 114; Hand over the case to Therapist|
|Therapist||Supply plans||PickUp||Find the secure folder on the sawmill; Survive and exit Woods location; Hand over the folder to Therapist|
|Therapist||General wares||Completion||Find in raid 15 cans of meat; Hand the cans over to Therapist|
|Therapist||Car repair||PickUp||Find in raid 4 car batteries; Find in raid 8 spark plugs; Hand car batteries over to Therapist; Hand spark plugs over to Therapist|
|Therapist||Health Care Privacy - Part 1||Discover||Mark 1st ambulance; Mark 2nd ambulance; Mark 3rd ambulance; Survive and exit the location|
|Therapist||Health Care Privacy - Part 2||Discover||Gather info on the fate of the Terragroup research; Hand over info on the fate of the Terragroup research; Survive and exit the location|
|Therapist||Health Care Privacy - Part 3||Discover||Find the car that belonged to the head of the Medical Service; Pick up the blood sample; Hand over the blood sample; Survive and exit the location|
|Therapist||Health Care Privacy - Part 4||Skill||Increase Health skill level to 4|
|Therapist||Health Care Privacy - Part 5||Multi||Locate the drop spot in the nighttime in Factory; Obtain 3 packs of gunpowder and leave them in the designated spot|
|Therapist||Postman Pat - Part 2||PickUp||Hand over the letter from messenger to the Therapist|
|Therapist||Out of curiosity||PickUp||Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs|
|Therapist||Trust regain||PickUp||Find 303 dorm room key; Find ZB-014 key; Find the customs military checkpoint key; Find gas station closet key; Hand over 303 key; Hand over ZB-014 key; Hand over the checkpoint key; Hand over closet key|
|Therapist||Hippocratic Vow||Completion||Handover 500 dollars.|
|Therapist||Private clinic||Completion||Handover 3 Ophthalmoscopes; Handover 3 LEDX Skin Transilluminators|
|Therapist||Athlete||Skill||Earn 10 Health skill level|
|Therapist||Decontamination service||Elimination||Kill 30 Scavs at the Interchange, from the range less than 60 meters.You must be wearing spec. gear|
|Therapist||An apple a day - keeps the doctor away||Completion||Handover 400,000 roubles|
|Skier||Supplier||PickUp||Hand over 4 body armor to Skier; Hand over 4 shotguns to Skier|
|Skier||The Extortionist||PickUp||Find the hidden valuable cargo; (Optional) Find the messenger body; (Optional) Find a place where the messenger hid the item; Hand it over to Skier|
|Skier||Stirrup||Elimination||Eliminate 3 PMC operators. You must be using pistols|
|Skier||What's on the flash drive?||PickUp||Find in raid two USB flash drives with information; Hand them over to Skier|
|Skier||Golden swag||Completion||Find a Gilded Zibbo lighter; Leave the lighter in the bunkhouse in the trailer parking (Customs)|
|Skier||Chemical - Part 1||PickUp||Find some information about the Deputy Chief's past life; (Optional) Find a sleeping place of the former Deputy Chief of Security Hand it over to Skier; Find items that can help the investigation; Hand them over to Skier|
|Skier||Chemical - Part 2||PickUp||Find any information that could help with the investigation; Hand it over to Skier; Find any evidence that could help with the investigation; Hand the evidence over to Skier|
|Skier||Chemical - Part 3||PickUp||Find a Syringe with a chemical in the Factory; Hand over the syringe to Skier|
|Skier||Chemical - Part 4||PickUp||Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs|
|Skier||Loyalty buyout||Standing||Give 1 million roubles to Skier|
|Skier||Friend from the West - Part 1||Elimination||Kill 7 USEC Find 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC USEC dogtags|
|Skier||Friend from the West - Part 2||Merchant||Hand over $6,000|
|Skier||"Vitamins" - Part 1||PickUp||Get first Chemical container; Hand over first Chemical container; Get second Chemical container; Hand over second Chemical container; Get third Chemical container; Hand over third Chemical container|
|Skier||"Vitamins" - Part 2||PickUp||Find in raid 3 Medical bloodset; Hand over Medical bloodset, 3 pcs; Find in raid 4 Respirator; Hand over Respirator, 4 pcs|
|Skier||Lend lease - Part 1||PickUp||Get first Motor Controller; Hand over first controller; Get second Motor Controller; Hand over second controller; Get third Motor Controller; Hand over third controller; Get first Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Hand over first Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Get second Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Hand over second Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope|
|Skier||Informed means armed||Completion||Install a WIFI camera to watch the pier; Install the WIFI camera to watch the road to port; Install the WIFI camera to watch Kiba Arms store|
|Skier||Chumming||Completion||Stash 3 gold chains under the mattress next to BTR-80A; Stash 3 gold chains in the microwave on the 3rd floor of dorms; Stash 3 gold chains in the middle accommodation unit of the sawmill; Kill 5 PMC operators on Interchange in time period from 23:00 till 10:00|
|Skier||Kind of sabotage||PickUp||Hand over folder 0052 to Skier|
|Skier||Silent caliber||Elimination||Kill 20 Scavs with a suppressed 12 gauge shotgun; Kill 10 PMC's with a suppressed 12 gauge shotgun|
|Skier||Flint||Skill||Earn 8 Stress Resistance skill level|
|Skier||Bullshit||Discovery||Find False flash drive; Put fake flash drive (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs) Put sniper rifle SV-98 (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs; Put Roler watch (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs) Do not kill Scavs at Customs until the quest is completed|
|Skier||Setup||Elimination||Kill 15 PMC's at Customs. You must be wearing spec. gear|
|Peacekeeper||Fishing Gear||Completion||Find the secret spot; Leave sniper rifle in place; Leave multitool in place; Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Tigr Safari||Discover||Mark first Tigr vehicle at Customs; Mark second Tigr vehicle at Customs; Mark third Tigr vehicle at Customs; Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Scrap Metal||Discover||Mark first tank T-90 at Shoreline; Mark second tank T-90 at Shoreline; Mark third tank T-90 at Shoreline; Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Eagle Eye||PickUp||Find the first UAV crash site; Find SAS disk from the first crashed drone; Hand over SAS disk from the first crashed drone; Find the second UAV crash site Find SAS disk from the second crashed drone; Hand over SAS disk from the second crashed drone|
|Peacekeeper||Humanitarian Supplies||Discover||Mark first truck with lost UN cargo; (Optional) Find first truck with lost UN cargo; Mark second truck with lost UN cargo; (Optional) Find second truck with lost UN cargo; Find 5 MRE ration packs; Deliver 5 MRE ration packs to Peacekeeper; Kill 10 Scavs at the Shoreline. You must be wearing UN uniform (MF-UNTAR armor vest and UNTAR helmet); Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Redacted quest - Part 1||Exploration||Find the missing informant Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Redacted quest - Part 2||Exploration||Put the beacon on the ritual spot at the Customs; Put the beacon on the ritual spot in the Woods; Put the beacon on the ritual spot in the Shoreline; Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Spa Tour - Part 1||Elimination||Kill 7 Scavs at the Shoreline with 12 gauge shotgun headshots|
|Peacekeeper||Spa Tour - Part 2||Exploration||Mark the helicopter with a beacon Mark a safe road with a beacon Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Spa Tour - Part 3||PickUp||Find in raid WD-40 100ml; Hand over WD-40 100ml; Find in raid Clin wipers, 2 pcs; Hand over Clin wipers, 2 pcs; Find in raid Corrugated hoses, 2 pcs; Hand over Corrugated hoses, 2 pcs; Find in raid Ox bleach, 2 pcs; Hand over Ox bleach, 2 pcs|
|Peacekeeper||Spa Tour - Part 4||Discover||Find generators in right wing; Find generators in left wing; Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Spa Tour - Part 5||PickUp||Find the key from the locked resort rooms; Hand over key from the locked resort rooms|
|Peacekeeper||Spa Tour - Part 6||Standing||Hand over $8,000|
|Peacekeeper||Spa Tour - Part 7||PickUp||Find in raid Morphine injector, 4 pcs; Hand over Morphine injector, 4 pcs; Find in raid Heat-exchange alkali surface washer, 2 pcs; Hand over Heat-exchange alkali surface washer, 2 pcs; Find in raid Corrugated hose, 2 pcs; Hand over Corrugated hose, 2 pcs; Find in raid 5L propane tank, 2 pcs; Hand over 5L propane tank, 2 pcs|
|Peacekeeper||Cargo X - Part 1||PickUp||Find the cargo record in the computer room; Hand over the retrieved data to Peacekeeper|
|Peacekeeper||Cargo X - Part 2||Exploration||Find a room with reservoirs; Find any information on the second part of the shipment; Give the info on the second part of the cargo to Peacekeeper|
|Peacekeeper||Cargo X - Part 3||Multi||Find hidden Terragroup cargo; Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Lend lease - Part 2||PickUp||Find in raid Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitter; Find in raid 2 Virtex programmable processors; Handover Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitter; Handover 2 Virtex programmable processors|
|Peacekeeper||Wet Job - Part 1||Elimination||Kill 10 Scavs at the Shoreline using a suppressed M4 or ADAR|
|Peacekeeper||Wet Job - Part 2||Exploration||Find the fisher's dwelling; Set the beacon; Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Wet Job - Part 3||Exploration||Find Artyom's car; Survive and leave the area|
|Peacekeeper||Wet Job - Part 4||PickUp||Find a list of resort tenants; Hand over the list of tenants to Peacekeeper|
|Peacekeeper||Wet Job - Part 5||PickUp||Find info on Artyom's work; Hand over the info to Peacekeeper|
|Peacekeeper||Wet Job - Part 6||Skill||Reach level 7 in Sniper rifle handling skill|
|Peacekeeper||The guide||Exploration||Survive at Interchange (Status: Survived); Survive at Shoreline (Status: Survived); Survive at Factory (Status: Survived); Survive at Laboratory (Status: Survived); Survive at Woods (Status: Survived); Survive at Customs (Status: Survived); Survive at Reserve (Status: Survived)|
|Peacekeeper||Peacekeeping mission||Elimination||Kill 12 Scavs on Customs while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Interchange while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Shoreline while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Woods while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1)|
|Peacekeeper||Mentor||Completion||Handover 50,000 euros|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 1||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify MP-133 to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 2||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify AKS-74U to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 3||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify MP5 to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 4||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify M4A1 to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 5||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify DVL-10 to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 6||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify R11 RSASS to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 7||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify Remington Model 870 to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 8||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify AKM to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 9||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify AKS-74N to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 10||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify AK-105 to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 11||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify AS VAL to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 12||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify AK-102 to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 13||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify SIG MPX to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 14||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify AKMN to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 15||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify M1A to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Gunsmith - Part 16||Parameter-oriented modding||Modify M4A1 to comply with the required specification|
|Mechanic||Farming - Part 1||Completion||Fix the first control board Fix the second control board Survive and leave the area|
|Mechanic||Farming - Part 2||PickUp||Find in raid Powercord, 2 pcs; Hand over Powercord, 2 pcs; Find in raid T-Shaped Plug, 4 pcs; Hand over T-Shaped Plug, 4 pcs; Find in raid Printed circuit board, 2 pcs; Hand over Printed circuit board, 2 pcs|
|Mechanic||Farming - Part 3||Completion||Find a warehouse of confiscate; Get package with graphics cards; Hand over package with graphics cards|
|Mechanic||Farming - Part 4||PickUp||Find in raid Graphics card, 3 pcs; Hand over Graphics card, 3 pcs; Find in raid CPU Fan, 8 pcs; Hand over CPU Fan, 8 pcs|
|Mechanic||Signal - Part 1||Discover||Find the first signal source; Find the second signal source; Survive and leave the area|
|Mechanic||Signal - Part 2||PickUp||Find in raid 3 PC CPU; Find in raid 3 Rechargeable battery; Find in raid 3 Printed circuit board; Find in raid 3 Broken GPhone; Hand over PC CPU, 3 pcs; Hand over Rechargeable battery, 3 pcs; Hand over Printed circuit board, 3 pcs; Hand over Broken GPhone, 3 pcs|
|Mechanic||Signal - Part 3||Completion||Place first jammer; Place second jammer; Place third jammer; Survive and leave the area|
|Mechanic||Signal - Part 4||Skill||Increase memory skill level to 4|
|Mechanic||Bad habit||PickUp||Find in raid Malboro cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Malboro cigarettes, 5 pcs; Find in raid Strike cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Strike cigarettes, 5 pcs; Find in raid Wilston cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Wilston cigarettes, 5 pcs|
|Mechanic||Scout||Completion||Find a way out of the factory 1; Find a way out of the factory 2; Find a way out of the factory 3; Survive and exit the location|
|Mechanic||Insider||Standing||Reach level 3 loyalty with Prapor|
|Mechanic||Psycho Sniper||Skill||Upgrade the Sniper skill to level 9|
|Mechanic||Import||PickUp||Find in raid UHF RFID Reader; Find in raid VPX Flash Storage Module; Handover UHF RFID Reader; Handover VPX Flash Storage Module|
|Mechanic||Fertilizers||PickUp||Find in raid 5 Wires Find in raid 5 Capacitors; Handover 5 Wires; Handover 5 Capacitors|
|Mechanic||A Shooter Born in Heaven||Elimination||Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Woods from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Interchange from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Shoreline from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Customs from a distance of more than 100 meters.|
|Mechanic||Introduction||Completion||Find Jaeger's camp; Find Jaeger's message; Handover the message to the Mechanic|
|Ragman||Only business||Merchant||Obtain level 2 loyalty with Ragman|
|Ragman||Make ULTRA Great Again||Completion||Kill 25 Scavs at the Interchange.|
|Ragman||Big sale||Exploration||Check AVOKADO; Check KOSTIN; Check tRend Check DINO CLOTHES Check TOP BRAND Survive and leave the area|
|Ragman||The Blood of War - Part 1||Completion||Mark tank 1; Mark tank 2; Mark tank 3; Survive and leave the area|
|Ragman||Dressed to kill||Completion||Hand over Ushanka ear-flap cap, 7 pcs; Hand over Kinda cowboy hat, 7 pcs|
|Ragman||Gratitude||Completion||Find the secret spot; Leave the Ghost balaclava in place; Leave the Shemagh in place; Leave the RayBench sunglasses in place; Leave the Round frame sunglasses in place|
|Ragman||Sales Night||Completion||Survive in the raid at Interchange 7 times|
|Ragman||Hot delivery||Completion||Stash Peltor ComTac 2 in specified place, 2 pcs; Stash 6B47 Ratnik-BSh Helmet in specified place, 2 pcs; Stash BNTI Gzhel-K armor in specified place, 2 pcs|
|Ragman||Database - Part 1||Exploration||Get Goshan cargo manifests; Hand over Goshan cargo manifests; Get OLI cargo manifests; Hand over OLI cargo manifests; Get IDEA cargo manifests; Hand over IDEA cargo manifests|
|Ragman||Database - Part 2||Completion||Get OLI cargo route documents; Hand over OLI cargo route documents|
|Ragman||Minibus||Completion||Mark first minibus; Mark second minibus; Mark third minibus; Survive and leave the area|
|Ragman||Sew it good - Part 1||PickUp||Find in raid Ski hat with holes for eyes; Hand over Ski hat with holes for eyes; Find in raid Pilgrim tourist backpack; Hand over Pilgrim tourist backpack|
|Ragman||Sew it good - Part 2||PickUp||Get Gzhel in 0-50% condition; Hand over Gzhel in 0-50% condition; Get Gzhel in 50-100% condition; Hand over Gzhel in 50-100% condition|
|Ragman||Sew it good - Part 3||PickUp||Get 6B43 with 0-50% condition; Hand over 6B43 with 0-50% condition; Get 6B43 with 50-100% condition; Hand over 6B43 with 50-100% condition|
|Ragman||Sew it good - Part 4||PickUp||Find in raid 2 Wartech (TV-109, TV-106); Hand over 2 Wartech (TV-109, TV-106); Find in raid 2 BlackRock chest rig; Hand over 2 BlackRock chest rig|
|Ragman||The Blood of War - Part 2||PickUp||Find in raid Fuel conditioner, 4 pcs; Hand over Fuel conditioner, 4 pcs|
|Ragman||The Blood of War - Part 3||Completion||Find and mark first fuel stash; Find and mark second fuel stash; Find and mark third fuel stash; Survive and leave the area|
|Ragman||The key to success||PickUp||Get Clothes design handbook Part 1; Hand over Clothes design handbook Part 1; Get Clothes design handbook Part 2; Hand over Clothes design handbook Part 2|
|Ragman||Living high is not a crime - Part 1||PickUp||Find in raid Bronze lion, 2 pcs; Hand over Bronze lion, 2 pcs; Find in raid Horse figurine, 2 pcs; Hand over Horse figurine, 2 pcs; Find in raid Cat figurine Hand over Cat figurine; Find in raid Roler submariner gold wrist watch; Hand over Roler submariner gold wrist watch|
|Ragman||Living high is not a crime - Part 2||PickUp||Find in raid 3 antique teapots; Find in raid 2 antique vases; Handover 3 antique teapots; Handover 2 antique vases|
|Ragman||Charisma brings success||Skill||Increase the Charisma level to 10|
|Ragman||No fuss needed||Standing||Increase the Therapist loyalty level to 3|
|Ragman||Supervisor||PickUp||Get key from Goshan cash registers; Hand over key from Goshan cash registers|
|Ragman||Scavenger||Skill||Earn 9 Search skill level|
|Ragman||The stylish one||Elimination||Eliminate Killa 100 times|
|Ragman||Textile - Part 1||Pickup||Obtain in raid 5 pcs. of Aramid fiber cloth; Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Ripstop cloth; Obtain in raid 3 pcs. of paracord; Hand over Aramid fiber cloth 5 pcs.; Hand over Ripstop cloth 10 pcs.; Hand over paracord 3 pcs.|
|Ragman||Textile - Part 2||Pickup||Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Fleece cloth; Hand over Fleece cloth 10 pcs.; Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Polyamide fabric Cordura; Hand over Polyamide fabric Cordura 10 pcs.; Obtain in raid KEKTAPE duct tape 5 pcs.; Hand over KEKTAPE duct tape 5 pcs.|
|Jaeger||Acquaintance||Completion||Get 5 Iskra lunch box; Get 6 packs of Emelya rye croutons; Get 3 cans of delicious beef stew|
|Jaeger||The survivalist path - Unprotected, but dangerous||Completion||Kill 5 scavs on Woods. You should not wear body armor|
|Jaeger||The survivalist path - Thrifty||Completion||Stash "Iskra" MRE in the ZB-016 bunker; Stash bottle of water in the ZB-016 bunker; Stash "Iskra" MRE in the ZB-014 bunker; Stash bottle of water in the ZB-014 bunker|
|Jaeger||The survivalist path - Zhivchik||Experience||Spend 5 minutes in a state of complete dehydration|
|Jaeger||The survivalist path - Wounded beast||Completion||Kill 4 scavs while suffering from pain effect|
|Jaeger||The survivalist path - Tough guy||Completion||Eliminate 4 scavs on Woods in a single raid. You must not use medicine. Don't use any medicine during the quest|
|Jaeger||The survivalist path - Cold blooded||Completion||Eliminate 3 PMCs with the headshot while having tremor|
|Jaeger||The survivalist path - Junkie||Elimination||Kill 20 scavs on Woods while having stimulant effects|
|Jaeger||The survivalist path - Combat medic||Completion||Reach level 5 Vitality skill|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Secured perimeter||Completion||Eliminate 8 PMС on Factory in the office area|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - The trophy||Completion||Eliminate Reshala; Find in raid the golden TT; Handover golden TT to Jaeger|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Woods cleaning||Completion||Kill 40 scavs all over the Tarkov territory|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Controller||Completion||Kill 2 PMCs blinded with the flashbang|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Sell-out||Elimination||Eliminate Killa; Find In Raid Killa's helmet; Handover Killa's helmet to Jaeger|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Woods keeper||Completion||Eliminate Shturman; Find in raid Shturman's key; Handover the Shturman's stash key to Jaeger|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Justice||Completion||Kill 3 scavs that are dressed in police uniform|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Evil watchman||Completion||Kill 7 PMCs in the Dorms area on Customs|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Eraser - Part 1||Completion||Find and eliminate Glukhar|
|Jaeger||Huntsman path - Eraser - Part 2||Completion||Eliminate 8 raiders|
|Jaeger||Ambulance||Completion||Find in raid portable defibrillator; Find in raid 2 CMS surgery kits; Handover portable defibrillator; Handover 2 CMS surgery kits|
|Jaeger||Shady business||PickUp||Find in raid 3 flash drives; Handover 3 flash drives|
|Jaeger||Nostalgia||Completion||Find a room with the view of a bay, where Jaeger was staying; Find Jaegers' photo album; Handover photo album to Jaeger|
|Jaeger||Fishing place||Completion||Find in raid 3 TerraGroup Labs access keycards; Handover 3 TerraGroup Labs access keycards|
|Jaeger||Courtesy visit||Completion||Find priest house; Find fisherman house Find chairman house|
|Jaeger||Hunting trip||Completion||Give the Jaeger 3x M700 sniper rifles of a certain configuration|
|Jaeger||Reserv||Completion||Find the food storage|
|Jaeger||"The Tarkov shooter" - Part 1||Elimination||Kill 8 Scavs over 40 meters away with a Mosin rifle without a scope|
|Jaeger||"The Tarkov shooter" - Part 2||Elimination||Make 3 hits in the legs from more than 60 meters away with a Mosin Make 2 headshots from more than 60 meters away with a Mosin|
|Jaeger||"The Tarkov shooter" - Part 3||Elimination||Kill 4 PMC operatives with a Mosin at close range, less than 25 meters away|
|Jaeger||"The Tarkov shooter" - Part 4||Elimination||Level up the Sniper Rifles skill to 4|
|Jaeger||"The Tarkov shooter" - Part 5||Elimination||Kill 10 Scavs at Customs with a Mosin rifle between 21:00 and 5:00|
|Jaeger||"The Tarkov shooter" - Part 6||Elimination||Kill 7 Scav snipers with a Mosin|
|Jaeger||"The Tarkov shooter" - Part 7||Elimination||Kill 5 PMC operatives with a suppressed Mosin at least 55 meters away|
|Jaeger||"The Tarkov shooter" - Part 8||Elimination||Kill 3 PMC operatives with a Mosin over one raid in the Woods|
|Fence||Collector||PickUp||Find an Old firesteel in raid; Handover the Old firesteel; Find an Antique axe in raid; Handover the Antique axe; Find a Battered antique Book in raid; Handover the Battered antique Book; Find a FireKlean gun lube in raid; Handover the FireKlean gun lube; Find a Golden rooster in raid; Handover the Golden rooster; Find a Silver Badge in raid; Handover the Silver Badge; Find a Deadlyslob's beard oil in raid; Handover the Deadlyslob's beard oil; Find a Golden 1GPhone in raid; Handover the Golden 1GPhone; Find a Jar of DevilDog mayo in raid; Handover the Jar of DevilDog mayo Find a Can of sprats in raid; Handover the Can of sprats; Find a Fake mustache in raid; Handover the Fake mustache; Find a Kotton beanie in raid; Handover the Kotton beanie; Find a Can of Dr. Lupo's coffee beans in raid; Handover the Can of Dr. Lupo's coffee beans; Find a Pestily plague mask in raid; Handover the Pestily plague mask; Find a Raven figurine in raid; Handover the Raven figurine; Find a Shroud half-mask in raid; Handover the Shroud half-mask|
|Air Filtering Unit||1||10,000 Dollars Level 3 Generator Level 3 Vents Skier LL3|
|Bitcoin farm||1||10 CPU Fan 5 Power supply unit 5 Powercord 1 Electric drill Level 2 Intelligence Center|
|Bitcoin farm||2||15 CPU Fan 5 Power supply unit 5 Printed circuit board 2 Phase control relay Level 3 Generator|
|Bitcoin farm||3||25 CPU Fan 10 Silicone tubes 2 Electric motor 4 Pressure gauges Level 1 Solar Power Level 3 Water Collector|
|Booze generator||1||4 Silicone tubes 2 Analog thermometers 2 Pressure gauges 5 Corrugated hose Level 3 Water Collector Level 3 Nutrition Unit|
|Generator||2||5 Phase control relays 1 Electric motor 15 Wires Level 2 Security Level 2 Vents|
|Generator||3||6 Phase control relays 2 Electric motor 5 Spark plug 5 Power supply unit Level 3 Security Level 3 Vents Mechanic LL3|
|Heating||2||50,000 Roubles Level 1 Endurance|
|Heating||3||8 Radiator helix 8 Wires Level 2 Generator Level 2 Workbench Level 2 Ragman|
|Illumination||2||14 Light bulb 5 Wires Level 1 Generator|
|Illumination||3||50,000 Roubles 7 Capacitors Level 2 Generator Mechanic LL2|
|Intelligence Center||1||1 Folder with intelligence Level 2 Security Level 2 Vents|
|Intelligence Center||2||3 Folder with intelligence 3 Secure Flash drive 4 Powercord 4 Damaged hard drive Level 3 Security Level 3 Medstation Level 3 Nutrition Unit Mechanic LL2 Level 3 Attention|
|Intelligence Center||3||2 Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitters 2 VPX Flash Storage Modules 3 Gas analyzers 4 Military cable Level 3 Generator Prapor LL3|
|Lavatory||2||3 Corrugated hoses 5 A pack of screws 1 Electric drill Level 1 Water Collector|
|Lavatory||3||6 Corrugated hoses 2 Pressure gauges 1 A set of tools 3 Xenomorph sealing foam Level 2 Water Collector|
|Library||1||400,000 Roubles Level 3 Rest Space Level 8 Memory skill|
|Medstation||2||50,000 Roubles 2 Medical bloodset 3 Saline solution Therapist LL2 Level 2 Health|
|Medstation||3||150,000 Roubles 4 Saline solution 1 LEDX Skin Transilluminator 1 Opthalmoscope Therapist LL3 Skier LL2 Vitality Level 3 Level 2 Lavatory|
|Nutrition unit||1||25,000 Roubles 2 Phase control relay Level 1 Generator|
|Nutrition unit||2||4 Wrench 2 Corrugated hose 2 Heat-exchange alkali surface washer 1 Phase control relay Level 2 Lavatory|
|Nutrition unit||3||125,000 Roubles 3 Coffee Majaica 3 Sodium bicarbonate Level 2 Generator Level 3 Lavatory Level 2 Stash Level 3 Metabolism|
|Rest Space||1||10,000 Roubles|
|Rest Space||2||35,000 Roubles Level 2 Generator Level 2 Heating Level 2 Ragman|
|Rest Space||3||3,000 Dollars 4 Powercord 5 Capacitors 7 Wires Level 3 Generator Level 3 Heating Skier LL3|
|Scav case||1||4 Bronze lion 6 Gold skull ring 8 Golden neck chain 4 Roler submariner gold wrist watch Level 2 Intelligence Center|
|Security||2||45,000 Roubles Level 2 Endurance|
|Security||3||2 Working LCD 4 Wires 8 NIXXOR lens 1 SSD drive Level 3 Illumination Mechanic LL2|
|Shooting range||1||4 A pack of nails 5 Screw nut 5 Bolts 3 Duct tape Level 2 Illumination|
|Solar power||1||15,000 Euros 4 Military cable 2 Phased array element 4 Military power filter Level 3 Generator Level 3 Workbench Peacekeeper LL4|
|Stash||1||Purchase of EFT Standard Edition|
|Stash||2||Purchase of EFT Left Behind Or 3,500,000 Roubles 1 Hand drill 7 A pack of screws 4 WD-40 100ml.|
|Stash||3||Purchase of EFT Prepare for Escape Or 8,500,000 Roubles 2 Electric drill 8 A pack of screws Level 2 Heating Level 2 Vents Prapor LL3 Ragman LL3|
|Stash||4||Purchase of EFT Edge of Darkness Or 150,000 Euros Level 3 Generator Level 3 Workbench Level 3 Heating Level 3 Intelligence Center Peacekeeper LL4 Ragman LL4|
|Vents||2||1 Electric motor 1 Car battery|
|Vents||3||4 Electric motor 14 Wires 5 Printed circuit board 4 Car battery Level 2 Generator Level 2 Strength|
|Water collector||1||4 Corrugated hose 5 Bolts 5 Screw nut 3 Duct tape|
|Water collector||2||6 Corrugated hose 2 Electric motor 2 A set of tools Level 2 Workbench Jaeger LL2 Level 3 Attention|
|Water collector||3||125,000 Roubles 2 Pliers Elite 5 Shustrilo sealing foam Level 3 Generator Level 3 Heating Jaeger LL3|
|Workbench||1||2 Screw nuts 2 Bolts 1 Leatherman Multitool|
|Workbench||2||3 A set of tools 2 Electric drill 6 Bolts Level 2 Illumination Mechanic LL2|
|Workbench||3||195.000 Roubles 2 Pliers Elite 1 FireKlean gun lube Level 2 Stash Mechanic LL3|
|Christmas tree||1||10,000 Roubles 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (red) 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (silver) 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (violet)|
Overledger is the world’s first blockchain operating system (OS) that not only inter-connects blockchains but also existing enterprise platforms, applications and networks to blockchain and facilitates the creation of internet scale multi-chain applications otherwise known as mApps.submitted by xSeq22x to QuantNetwork [link] [comments]
In less than 10 months since launching Overledger they have provided interoperability with the full range of DLT technologies from all the leading Enterprise Permissioned blockchains such as Hyperledger, R3’s Corda, JP Morgan’s Quorum, permissioned variants of Ethereum and Ripple (XRPL) as well as the leading Public Permissionless blockchains / DAGs such as Bitcoin, Stellar, Ethereum, IOTA and EOS as well as the most recent blockchain to get added Binance Chain. In addition, Overledger also connects to Existing Networks / Off Chain / Oracle functionality and it does all of this in a way that is hugely scalable, without imposing restrictions / requiring blockchains to fork their code and can easily integrate into existing applications / networks by just adding 3 lines of code.
What is a blockchain Operating system?You will be familiar with Operating systems such as Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS, Google’s Android etc but these are all Hardware based Operating Systems. Hardware based Operating Systems provide a platform to build and use applications that abstracts all of the complexities involved with integrating with all the hardware resources such as CPU, Memory, Storage, Mouse, Keyboard, Video etc so software can easily integrate with it. It provides interoperability between the Hardware devices and Software.
Overledger is a Blockchain Operating System, it provides a platform to build and use applications that abstracts all of the complexities involved with integrating with all the different blockchains, different OP_Codes being used, messaging formats etc as well as connecting to existing non-blockchain networks. It provides interoperability between Blockchains, Existing Networks and Software / MAPPs
How is Overledger different to other interoperability projects?Other projects are trying to achieve interoperability by adding another blockchain on top of existing blockchains. This adds a lot of overhead, complexity, and technical risk. There are a few variants but essentially they either need to create custom connectors for each connected blockchain and / or require connected chains to fork their code to enable interoperability. An example of the process can be seen below:
User sends transaction to a multi sig contract on Blockchain A, wait for consensus to be reached on Blockchain A
A custom connector consisting of Off Chain Relay Nodes are monitoring transactions sent to the smart contract on Blockchain A. Once they see the transaction, they then sign a transaction on the Interoperability blockchain as proof the event has happened on Blockchain A.
Wait for consensus to be reached on the Interoperability Blockchain.
The DAPP running on the Interoperability Blockchain is then updated with the info about the transaction occurring on Blockchain A and then signs a transaction on the Interoperability blockchain to a multi sig contract on the Interoperability Blockchain.
Wait for consensus to be reached on the interoperability Blockchain.
A different custom connector consisting of Off Chain Relay Nodes are monitoring transactions sent to the Smart Contract on the Interoperability Blockchain which are destined for Blockchain B. Once they see the transaction, they sign a transaction on Blockchain B. Wait for consensus to be reached on Blockchain B.
Other solutions require every connecting blockchain to fork their code and implement their Interoperability protocol. This means the same type of connector can be used instead of a custom one for every blockchain however every connected blockchain has to fork their code to implement the protocol. This enforces a lot of restrictions on what the connected blockchains can implement going forward.
Some problems with these methods:
But some Interoperability blockchains say they are infinitely scalable?If the interoperability blockchain is limited to say 200 tps then the idea is to just have multiple instances of the blockchain and run them in parallel, so you benefit from the aggregated tps, but just how feasible is that? Lets say you want to connect Corda (capable of 2000+ tps) to Hyperledger (capable of up to 20,000 tps with recent upgrade). (Permissioned blockchains such as Hyperledger and Corda aren’t one big blockchain like say Bitcoin or Ethereum, they have separate instances for each consortium and each is capable of those speeds). So even when you have just 1 DAPP from one consortium that wants to connect Corda to Hyperledger and use 2000 tps for their DAPP, you would need 100 instances of the Interoperability blockchain, each with their own validators (which maybe 100–200 nodes each). So, 1 DAPP would need to cover the costs for 100 instances of the blockchain and running costs for 10,000 nodes…This is just one DAPP connected to one instance of a two permissioned blockchains, which are still in the early stages. Other blockchains such as Red Belly Blockchain can achieve 440,000 tps, and this will surely increase as the technology matures. There is also the added complexity of then aggregating the results / co-coordinating between the different instances of the blockchain. Then there are the environmental concerns, the power required for all of these instances / nodes is not sustainable.
It’s not just transactions per second of the blockchain as well, its the latency of all these added consensuses along the path to reach to the destination and not knowing whether the security of each of the hops is sufficient and can be trusted. To see examples of how this potential issue as well as others effect Cosmos you can see my article here. I recommend also reading a blog done by the CEO of Quant, Gilbert Verdian, which explains how Overledger differs here as well as detailed in the whitepaper here.
Overledger’s approachIn 1973 Vint Cerf invented the protocol that rules them all: TCP/IP. Most people have never heard of it. But it describes the fundamental architecture of the internet, and it made possible Wi-Fi, Ethernet, LANs, the World Wide Web, e-mail, FTP, 3G/4G — as well as all of the inventions built upon those inventions.
Wired: So from the beginning, people, including yourself, had a vision of where the internet was going to go. Are you surprised, though, that at this point the IP protocol seems to beat almost anything it comes up against?Cerf: I’m not surprised at all because we designed it to do that.This was very conscious. Something we did right at the very beginning, when we were writing the specifications, we wanted to make this a future-proof protocol. And so the tactic that we used to achieve that was to say that the protocol did not know how — the packets of the internet protocol layer didn’t know how they were being carried. And they didn’t care whether it was a satellite link or mobile radio link or an optical fiber or something else.We were very, very careful to isolate that protocol layer from any detailed knowledge of how it was being carried. Plainly, the software had to know how to inject it into a radio link, or inject it into an optical fiber, or inject it into a satellite connection. But the basic protocol didn’t know how that worked.And the other thing that we did was to make sure that the network didn’t know what the packets had in them. We didn’t encrypt them to prevent it from knowing — we just didn’t make it have to know anything. It’s just a bag of bits as far as the net was concerned.We were very successful in these two design features, because every time a new kind of communications technology came along, like frame relay or asynchronous transfer mode or passive optical networking or mobile radio‚ all of these different ways of communicating could carry internet packets.We would hear people saying, ‘The internet will be replaced by X25,’ or ‘The internet will be replaced by frame relay,’ or ‘The internet will be replaced by APM,’ or ‘The internet will be replaced by add-and-drop multiplexers.’Of course, the answer is, ‘No, it won’t.’ It just runs on top of everything. And that was by design. I’m actually very proud of the fact that we thought of that and carefully designed that capability into the system.This is the approach Quant have taken with their Blockchain OS, Overledger to solve Blockchain interoperability. Compared to other Interoperability platforms that are trying to achieve interoperability at the transaction layer by connecting two blockchains via another blockchain, these will be ultimately be made redundant once faster methods are released. Overledger is designed to be future proof by isolating the layers so it doesn’t matter whether it’s a permissioned blockchain, permissionless, DAG, Legacy network, POW, POS etc because it abstracts the transaction layer from the messaging layer and runs on top of blockchains. Just as the Internet wasn’t replaced by X25, frame relay, APM etc, Overledger is designed to be future proof as it just runs on top of the Blockchains rather than being a blockchain itself. So, if a new blockchain technology comes out that is capable of 100,000 TPS then it can easily be integrated as Overledger just runs on top of it.
Likewise, with protocols such as HTTPS, SSH etc these will also emerge for blockchains such as ZK-Snarks and other privacy implementations as well as other features made available, all will be compatible with Overledger as its just sitting on top rather than forcing their own implementation for all.
It doesn’t require blockchains to fork their code to make it compatible, it doesn’t add the overhead of adding another blockchain with another consensus mechanism (most likely multiple as it has to go through many hops). All of this adds a lot of latency and restrictions which isn’t needed. The developer can just choose which blockchains they want to connect and use the consensus mechanisms of those blockchains rather than forced to use one.
Overledger can provide truly internet scale to meet whatever the demands may be, whether that be connecting multiple red belly blockchains together with 440,000 tps it doesn’t matter as it doesn’t add its consensus mechanism and uses proven internet scale technology such as that based on Kubernetes, which is where each task is split up into a self-contained container and each task is scaled out by deploying more to meet demand. Kubernetes is what runs Google Search engine where they scale up and down billions of containers every week.
Due to this being more of a summary, I strongly recommend you read this article which goes into detail about the different layers in Overledger.
But how does it provide the security of a blockchain if it doesn’t add its own blockchain?This is often misunderstood by people. Overledger is not a blockchain however it still uses a blockchain for security, immutability, traceability etc, just rather than force people to use their own blockchain, it utilises the source and destination blockchains instead. The key thing to understand is the use of its patented technology TrustTag, which was made freely available to anyone with the Overledger SDK.
Please see this article which explains TrustTag in detail with examples showing how hashing / digital signatures work etc
A quick overview is if i want to send data from one blockchain to another the Overledger SDK using Trusttag will put the data through a hashing algorithm. The Hash is then included in digital signature as part of the transaction which is signed by the user’s private key and then validated through normal consensus and stored as metadata on the source blockchain. The message is then sent to the MAPP off chain. The MAPP periodically scans the blockchains and puts the received message through a hashing algorithm and compares the Hash to the one stored as metadata on the blockchain. This ensures that the message hasn’t been modified in transit, the message is encrypted and only the Hash is stored on chain so completely private, provides immutability as it was signed by the user’s private key which only they have and is stored on the blockchain for high availability and secure so that it can’t be modified, with the ability to refer back to it at any point in time.
Despite Overledger being a very secure platform, with the team having a very strong security background such as Gilbert who was chief security information officer for Vocalink (Bank of England) managing £6 trillion of payments every year and classified as national critical security (highest level you can get), ultimately you don’t need to trust Overledger. Transactions are signed and encrypted at client side, so Overledger has no way of being able to see the contents. It can’t modify any transaction as the digital signature which includes a hash of the transaction would be different so would get rejected. Transaction security isn’t reduced as it is signed at source using however many nodes the source blockchain has rather than a smaller amount of nodes with an interoperability blockchain in the middle.
The Blockchain connectors are also open source and this allows the community to create connectors to connect their favourite blockchain so that it can benefit from blockchain interoperability and making it available to all enterprises / developers currently utilising Overledger. Creating is currently taking around a week to implement and so far, have been added based upon client demand.
Treaty ContractsWhat Overledger will allow with Treaty contracts is to use popular programming languages such as Java and create a smart contract in Overledger that interacts with all of the connected blockchains. Even providing Smart contract functionality to blockchains that don’t support them such as Bitcoin. This means that developers don’t have to create all the smart contracts on each blockchain in all the different programming languages but instead just create them in Overledger using languages such as Java that are widely used today. If they need to use a different blockchain then it can be as easy as changing a line of code rather than having to completely rewrite the smart contracts.
Overledger isn’t a blockchain though, so how can it trusted with the smart contract? A Hash of the smart contract is published on any blockchain the MAPP developer requires and when called the smart contract is run its run through a hashing function to check that it matches the Hash value stored on the blockchain, ensuring that it has not been modified.
By running the Smart contract off chain this also increases Scalability enormously. With a blockchain all nodes have to run the smart contract one after another rather than in parallel. Not only do you get the performance benefit of not having to run the code against every single node but you can also run them in parallel to others executing smart contracts.
You can read more about Treaty Contracts here
The different versions of Overledger
Enterprise versionThe current live version is the Enterprise version as that is where most of the adoption is taking place in blockchain due to permissioned blockchains being preferred until permissionless blockchains resolve the scalability, privacy and regulatory issues. Please see this article which goes into more details about Entereprise blockchain / adoption. The Enterprise version connects to permissioned blockchains as well as additional features / support suited for Enterprises.
Community versionThe community version is due to be released later this year which will allow developers to benefit from creating MAPPs across permissionless blockchains. Developers can publish their MAPPs on the MAPP Store to create additional revenue streams for developers.
Where does Overledger run from? Is it Centralised?Overledger can run from anywhere. The community version will have instances across multiple public clouds, Enterprises / developers may prefer to host the infrastructure themselves within a consortium which they can and are doing. For example SIA is the leading private Financial Network provider in Europe, it provides a dedicated high speed network which connects all the major banks, central banks, trading venues etc. SIA host Overledger within their private network so that all of those clients can access it in the confinement of their heavily regulated, secure, fast network. AUCloud / UKCLoud host Overledger in their environment to offer as a service to their clients which consist of Governments and critical national infrastructure.
For Blockchain nodes that interact with Overledger the choice is entirely up to the developer. Each member within a consortium may choose to host a node, some developers may prefer to use 3rd party hosting providers such as Infura, or Quant can also host them if they prefer, its entirely their choice.
Overledger allows for higher levels of decentralisation by storing the output across multiple blockchains so you not only benefit from the decentralisation of one blockchain but the combination of all of them. Ultimately though decentralisation is thrown around too much without many actually understanding what it means. It’s impossible to have complete decentralisation, when you sign a transaction to be added to a blockchain ultimately you still connect through a single ISP, connect through a single router, or the input into a transaction is done through a piece of software etc. What matters to be decentralised is where trust is involved. As i have mentioned before you don’t need to trust the OS, it’s just providing instructions on how to interact with the blockchains, the end user is signing the transactions / encrypting at client side. Nothing can be seen or modified with the OS. Even if somehow the transaction did get modified then it would get rejected when consensus is done as the hash / digital signature won’t match at the destination blockchain. Where the transaction actually gets put onto the blockchain is where decentralisation matters, because thats what needs to be trusted and conensus is reached and Overledger enables this to be written across multiple blockchains at the same time.
The TeamThe team are very well connected with a wealth of experience at very senior roles at Global enterprises which I will include a few examples below. Gilbert Verdian the CEO was the Head of security for the payment infrastructure for the Bank of England through his CISO role with Vocalink (Mastercard)managing £6 trillion every year. This is treated by the government as critical national infrastructure which is the highest level of criticallity because its so fundamental to the security of the country. They have experience and know what it takes to run a secure financial infrastructure and meeting requirements of regulators. Gilbert was director for Cybersecurity at PWC, Security for HSBC and Ernst & Young as well as various government roles such as the CISO for the Australian NSW Health, Head of Security at the UK government for Ministry of Justice and HM Treasury in addition to being part of the committee for the European Commission, US Federal Reserve and the Bank of England.
Cecilia Harvey is the Chief Operating Officer, where she was previously a Director at HSBC in Global Banking and Markets and before that Director at Vocalink. Cecilia was also Chief Operating Officer at Citi for Markets and Securities Services Technology as well as working for Barclays, Accenture, IBM and Morgan Stanley.
Vijay Verma is the Overledger platform lead with over 15 years of developer experience in latest technologies like Java, Scala, Blockchain & enterprise technology solutions. Over the course of his career, he has worked for a number of prestigious organisations including J&J, Deutsche, HSBC, BNP Paribas, UBS Banks, HMRC and Network Rail.
Guy Dietrich, the managing director of Rockefeller Capital (manages $19 Billion in assets) has joined the board of Quant Network, and has recently personally attended meetings with the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) with Gilbert
As well as advisors such as Paolo Tasca, the founder and Executive Director of the Centre for Blockchain Technologies (UCL CBT) at University College Londonfounder and executive director as well as Chris Adelsbach, Managing Director at Techstars, the worldwide network that helps entrepreneurs succeed. Techstars has partners such as Amazon, Barclays, Boeing, Ford, Google, Honda, IBM, Microsoft, PWC, Sony, Target, Total, Verizon, Western Union etc.
Due to client demand they are expanding to the US to setup a similar size office where board members such as Guy Dietrich will be extremely valuable in assisting with the expansion.
The most exciting part about the project though is just how much adoption there has been of the platform, from huge global enterprises, governments and cloud providers they are on track for a revenue of $10 million in their first year. I will go through these in the next article, followed by further article explaining how the Token and Treasury works.
You can also find out more info about Quant at the following:
Part One — Blockchain Fundamentals
Part Two — The Layers Of Overledger
Part Three — TrustTag and the Tokenisation of data
Part Four — Features Overledger provides to MAPPs
Part Five — Creating the Standards for Interoperability
Part Six — The Team behind Overledger and Partners
Part Seven — The QNT Token
Part Eight — Enabling Enterprise Mass Adoption
Quant Network Enabling Mass Adoption of Blockchain at a Rapid Pace
Quant Network Partner with SIA, A Game Changer for Mass Blockchain Adoption by Financial Institutions
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